Một đề bài trong Bộ đề thi thật Writing năm 2021 có thể nói là rất “độc đáo”, khiến không ít thí sinh “bất ngờ ngơ ngác bật ngửa” trong tuần vừa qua. Cùng The IELTS Workshop (TIW) và thầy Tùng giải đề bài IELTS Writing Task 1 Diagram về Horse Evolution nhé.
Đề bài: The diagrams below show the development of the horse over a period of 40 million years. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The picture details the 4 evolutionary phases of the horse over the course of 40 million years and it focuses on how the toes on earlier horses transformed into the hoof that we are familiar with today.
Looking at the diagram, it is immediately clear that the size of the horse grew formidably and the modern horse is significantly larger than its ancestors. Regarding its foot structure, the most noticeable transformation is the gradual disappearance of the toes found in prehistoric horses.
The earliest horse examined lived 40 million years ago and its scientific name is Eohippus. It is noticeably furrier than its descendant Mesohippus which reportedly lived 30 million years ago. All of the hair on its body seems to have disappeared at this point, and it starts to show some semblance of a mane. The horse found 15 million years later called Merychippus has a more erect posture, and its mane looks more fully formed. Nowadays, the horse is considerably taller, larger and more muscular, with a lot more hair in the tail and the mane.
The foot structure of the horse has exhibited similarly remarkable changes. The foot of the Eohippus is quite slender and has 5 distinct toes. The one found in Mesohippus only has 3, which is the same number of toes that the later horse Merychippus has, although that of the latter is much larger in size with a prominent middle toe. The modern horse, however, has only one hoof and much more developed joints.
(written by Mr. Dang Tran Tung- 9.0 IELTS)
Từ vựng (Vocabulary Highlight)
- hoof (n) móng
- foot structure (n) cấu trúc bàn chân
- prehistoric (adj) cổ đại
- slender (adj) mảnh khảnh
- mane (n) bờm (lông) của ngựa
- erect posture: dáng thẳng đứng
- prominent (adj) nổi bật, dễ thấy
- joint (n) khớp (xương)
Horse Evolution là một đề bài Diagram khá mới lạ trong IELTS Writing Task 1 nên ít nhiều khiến các thí sinh không khỏi lo lắng. Tuy nhiên, bạn hoàn toàn có thể làm chủ được dạng bài này và các dạng bài Writing khác thông qua phương pháp làm bài tổng quan tại khóa học Pre-Senior của The IELTS Workshop.